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The perfect paragraph for a great score

May 23 2023


Paragraphing is a skill that is important for both writing well, and for reading better. What many new learners do not understand is that tips to write better paragraphs, also are indicators to understand reading comprehension better!

Importance of Paragraphs in Writing and Reading Comprehension

Writing effective paragraphs involves several key elements that can help you communicate your ideas clearly and coherently. In reading too, understanding a paragraph helps you understand what the reader is trying to convey, and what questions you might encounter based on the context. We will look at two things:

  • How to write better paragraphs
  • How to understand paragraphs better

How to write better paragraphs:

  • Focus on a clear topic sentence: Your topic sentence should clearly and concisely state the main idea or argument of the paragraph. This sentence should provide a roadmap for the reader, telling them what to expect from the rest of the paragraph.

  • Use evidence and examples to support your points: Once you have introduced your main idea, provide evidence and examples to support it. This can help to make your writing more convincing and help your reader understand your point of view.

  • Use transitions to connect ideas: Effective paragraphs should flow smoothly and logically. Use transitional words and phrases (such as "however," "moreover," "in addition," and "on the other hand") to connect your ideas and help your reader follow your train of thought. This will be helpful in getting a Band 7 in IELTS writing.
  • Stay focused: Make sure that your paragraphs stay focused on a single idea or topic. Avoid introducing unrelated information that can distract from your main point.
  • Vary sentence structure and length: Using a variety of sentence structures and lengths can help to keep your writing interesting and engaging. Try using short, simple sentences followed by longer, more complex ones to add variety and keep your reader engaged.
  • Edit and revise: Finally, always take the time to edit and revise your paragraphs. Read through your writing carefully, looking for errors in grammar, spelling, and punctuation, as well as opportunities to clarify your ideas and strengthen your arguments.

A good paragraph from a news article:

Police are investigating a string of robberies that have occurred in the downtown area over the past two weeks. According to witnesses, the suspect is a male in his late 20s or early 30s, approximately 6 feet tall, and has been seen wearing a black hoodie and blue jeans. Anyone with information about these incidents is encouraged to contact the police immediately.

Why is this paragraph effective?

  • This paragraph is effective because it provides the reader with important information in a clear and concise manner. The topic sentence, which is the first sentence of the paragraph, clearly states the main idea of the paragraph: police are investigating a string of robberies in the downtown area.

  • The next sentence provides some basic information about the suspect, which helps to give the reader a better understanding of the situation. This is especially important for to get a 330+ in GRE, where understanding the purpose and what comes next is necessary to tackle reading comprehension questions.

  • The final sentence encourages readers to contact the police if they have any information, which is important for both public safety and the investigation.
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A good paragraph from a novel:

She stood at the edge of the cliff, her hair whipping around her face in the fierce wind. Far below, the waves crashed against the rocks, sending up sprays of white foam. She felt a surge of fear and exhilaration, knowing that one wrong step could send her tumbling down to her death. But she couldn't tear her gaze away from the mesmerizing beauty of the sea, the endless expanse of blue stretching out before her.

Why is this paragraph effective?

  • This paragraph is effective because it uses vivid sensory details to create a strong sense of setting and mood. The description of the wind, waves, and spray helps to convey the sense of danger and excitement that the protagonist is feeling.
  • The final sentence also helps to establish a sense of the vastness and beauty of the ocean, which is an important theme in the novel. Overall, this paragraph is a great example of how effective writing can use sensory details to immerse the reader in the story.

A good paragraph from a letter from a doctor to another doctor:

I have had the pleasure of working with Dr. Jane Smith for the past five years, and I can confidently say that she is one of the most knowledgeable and skilled physicians I have had the privilege of working alongside. Dr. Smith has a strong foundation in medical theory and practice, and she consistently demonstrates exceptional clinical judgement. Her ability to communicate effectively with patients and colleagues alike is a testament to her strong interpersonal skills, and her commitment to providing compassionate, patient-centered care is truly remarkable. I have no doubt that Dr. Smith would be a valuable asset to any medical team, and I recommend her without reservation.

Why is this paragraph is effective?

  • It provides specific examples of the doctor's skills and attributes that make her an exceptional physician.
  • The writer provides specific details about the doctor's clinical knowledge, interpersonal skills, and commitment to patient-centered care.
  • Additionally, the writer's positive recommendation at the end of the paragraph underscores the strength of the doctor's qualifications.

  • Overall, this paragraph conveys a strong sense of endorsement and confidence in the doctor's abilities, which is exactly what a letter of reference should do.

Here's an example of a paragraph that one doctor might write to another doctor about a patient:

This is especially useful when you are looking at writing a letter for an exam like OET. This can be a good starting point for writing a letter of reference for getting grade A in the OET.

"Dear Dr. Lee,
I am writing to refer you a patient of mine, Mr. John Smith, who has been experiencing persistent chest pain for the past several weeks. Mr. Smith is a 55-year-old male with a history of hypertension and hyperlipidemia. He has been compliant with his medications, but despite treatment with beta-blockers and statins, he reports ongoing chest discomfort that is concerning for angina. On physical exam, I noted some mild tenderness to palpation over the sternum, and an electrocardiogram showed evidence of some ST-segment depression. Given these findings, I believe that Mr. Smith would benefit from further evaluation and management by a cardiologist.
Thank you for your assistance in caring for this patient.
Dr. Jane Doe"

Why is this paragraph effective?

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Tips for a great SOP
Want to Craft a Great SOP

Here is a post that will definitely help you understand more about: what an SOP is and what it should contain.

The blog post is completely free and has links to many great articles about SOPs and sample SOPs!

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More importantly, why will it get you a grade A?

  • Like it is required for the test, the letter provides specific details about the patient's medical history, symptoms, and physical exam findings. This is something you should do in the first paragraph of the letter in OET.
  • It also highlights the doctor's concerns about the patient's condition and the need for further evaluation and management by a specialist. This is usually the requirement of any letter in the OET. This will help you in getting a good score in task achievement.
  • By conveying this information in a clear and concise manner, the writer is able to effectively communicate to the examiner about his command over language, this will get you a great score in the grammar parameter of the test.
  • In addition to this, clear communication helps ensure the patient receives appropriate care and that the referring doctor and receiving doctor are able to collaborate effectively on the patient's treatment plan.

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